AnyDesk is a popular remote desktop software that allows you to securely access and control your Raspberry Pi from another device. Installing AnyDesk on a Raspberry Pi is straightforward, but optimizing the software for best performance requires a few tweaks.
In this article, we will walk through how to install AnyDesk on Raspbian, set up port forwarding for remote access, adjust AnyDesk settings to improve speed, and secure your connection. Follow along to enable seamless remote desktop control of your Pi.
Downloading and Installing AnyDesk
The first step is to download the AnyDesk software on your Raspberry Pi. Here’s how:
- Open the terminal app on your Pi.
- Update your package repository by typing: sudo apt update
- Install AnyDesk with: sudo apt install anydesk
The installation should complete quickly. Next, launch AnyDesk from the applications menu to set up your account.
Enter your email address and choose a secure password when prompted. Take note of the randomly generated 9-digit AnyDesk ID on the main window – remote clients will need this ID to access your Pi.
Setting Up Port Forwarding
To allow inbound connections to AnyDesk from outside your home network, you need to set up port forwarding on your router.
Port forwarding maps external requests on a specific port to your internal IP on that same port. To forward AnyDesk traffic:
- Sign in to your router configuration page (192.168.0.1 usually).
- Navigate to port forwarding settings (varies by model).
- Create a new rule:
- Service Name – AnyDesk
- External/Internal Port – 5900
- Internal IP – Your Pi’s IP
- Protocol – TCP
- Save changes.
With port forwarding set up, other devices can now access AnyDesk on your public IP + port 5900.
Optimizing Settings For Performance
AnyDesk has configurable settings to help speed up remote sessions, critical for controlling a desktop smoothly across the internet.
Open Any Desk’s preferences and go to Adjustment Settings. Optimize by:
- Setting color depth to 16 bit.
- Enabling “Allow screen capturing”.
- Adjusting video frame rate higher if bandwidth allows.
- Trying different image compression types.
Adapt encoder settings until you find the best balance of latency and visual quality for your network.
Securing Your Connection
While AnyDesk allows password protection by default, adding extra security is crucial for remote administration over the internet:
- Require all clients connect via TLS secure encryption under security settings.
- Consider whitelisting your trusted IPs only.
- Use a VPN tunnel like Wireguard to encrypt all traffic.
- Enable additional SSH key authentication.
- Always use random strong passwords.
- Keep AnyDesk up to date automatically.
Following best practices for hardening AnyDesk will help protect against attacks or intrusions while remotely connected.
Achieving Seamless Remote Desktop Control
Installing and optimizing AnyDesk to safely access your Raspberry Pi projects from anywhere only takes a few steps.
Fine-tuning AnyDesk with the performance and security tips outlined will enable smooth, responsive remote desktop control for administering your Pi across the public internet.
Carefully manage port forwarding rules, user access privileges, visual encoding settings, and encryption to strike the right balance for your specific needs. With the basics covered here you’ll be remoting into your headless Pi in no time!
- Use apt to install AnyDesk on Raspberry Pi OS.
- Forward port 5900 on your router to your Pi IP.
- Optimize quality, latency and security in AnyDesk settings.
- Whitelist IP access, enable encryption, and keep software updated.
Installing AnyDesk for remote graphical control over a Raspberry Pi is straightforward but optimizing performance and adequately hardening security requires some additional configuration. Adjust AnyDesk preferences combined with networking best practices to safely administer headless Pis from anywhere.
Frequently Asked Questions
- What are the system requirements to run AnyDesk on Pi?
AnyDesk works on all Raspberry Pi models running default Raspbian or Raspberry Pi OS. You need at least 128MB RAM and a 700Mhz processor.
- Does AnyDesk work without port forwarding?
You can use AnyDesk within your local network to connect without changing router settings. But to allow external connections from the internet, port forwarding is required.
- Is AnyDesk free for commercial use on Pi?
Yes, AnyDesk can be used commercially at no cost for individuals. There are paid tiers for organizations.
- Can I remotely access multiple Pis through AnyDesk?
Yes, you can set up AnyDesk on several networked Pis all connected to your account and access each by entering the respective 9-digit session ID.
- Is AnyDesk secure enough to expose publicly?
AnyDesk over a secure TLS connection is reasonably safe. For public access, also utilize IP whitelisting, VPN tunneling, key authentication and complex passwords.
- Can I run AnyDesk headless on a Pi?
While not strictly headless since it still requires graphical output, you can start an AnyDesk session on a Pi without keyboard/mouse attached if launched automatically on boot.
- Does AnyDesk work through a NAT firewall?
In most cases AnyDesk will function behind a NAT firewall on local networks. Public internet connections may require additional router port forwarding configuration.
- What’s the easiest way to find my Pi IP address?
Run hostname -I on your Pi terminal to output the current IP address assigned to your Pi’s network interface.
- Do I need to sign up for an AnyDesk account?
You don’t require an AnyDesk account to connect from remote clients. But setting up an account enables access to your connections history, security settings, and other advanced features.
- Can I run AnyDesk on my Pi without a monitor?
Yes, AnyDesk doesn’t need an actual display because it streams the remote video output over the network. But your Pi will require HDMI output enabled.
- Is there an Android client for accessing my Pi remotely?
Yes, download the AnyDesk app from Play Store to connect to your Pi from any Android 6.0+ phone or tablet supporting graphical sessions.
- What’s the command to uninstall AnyDesk?
You can remove AnyDesk by running sudo apt purge AnyDesk followed by sudo apt auto remove to delete associated dependencies.
- Can I automate commands when connecting via AnyDesk?
AnyDesk doesn’t directly support automating remote commands. But you can assign hotkeys for simple keyboard shortcuts in Preferences to trigger actions on your Pi.
- Is AnyDesk compatible with OpenCV computer vision projects?
Yes, AnyDesk streams the entire visible Raspberry Pi desktop so OpenCV apps accessing a webcam or Pi camera display normally via remote session video.
- How do I prevent access without my AnyDesk password?
Check “Require my confirmation for all incoming connections” in AnyDesk security settings. This will prompt for your assigned desktop password when clients attempt remote access.
- Does AnyDesk work on Ubuntu installed on a Pi?
Yes, install the AnyDesk client on Ubuntu or any Debian/Ubuntu-based distro like Raspberry Pi OS on your Pi, create your account, and connect just like on Raspbian.
- What’s the easiest way to launch AnyDesk automatically on boot?
Add AnyDesk to ~/.config/lxsession/LXDE-pi/AutoStart by entering: @anydesk on a new line to start the service whenever your Pi boots to the desktop.
- Can I transfer files remotely through AnyDesk on Pi?
Yes, AnyDesk enables remote file transfer. Access your Pi terminal, navigate to the transfer directory, then under File Transfer, send or receive files between systems.
- Is there latency when streaming 1080p video over AnyDesk?
Streaming high resolution video introduces latency. For 1080p low-latency remote desktop access, reduce display resolution in AnyDesk settings according to your network bandwidth.
- Can I connect my Pi to AnyDesk using mobile data?
If your Pi and mobile device both have internet connectivity, you can access your Pi through AnyDesk over 3G/4G/5G data. But bandwidth limits may affect desktop performance.